The Cosmetics Industry Has Avoided Strict Regulation For Over A Century. Now Rising Health Concerns Has FDA Inquiring

documented changes in teens' urine test after refraining from using their personal care products. After three days, urine tests showed significant decreases in several artificial chemicals, including parabens. Parabens are commonly used as preservatives in cosmetic products, usually to prevent the growth of mold. Although parabens are also found in baked and processed goods, they are found at much greater levels in cosmetics. According to the American Cancer Society, studies have shown parabens have weak estrogen-like properties, and a study from 2004 found traces of parabens in breast cancer samples. There has not been any direct evidence that parabens can cause breast cancer." data-reactid="39">A study conducted at the Center for Environmental Research and Children's Health at the University of California-Berkeley documented changes in teens' urine test after refraining from using their personal care products. After three days, urine tests showed significant decreases in several artificial chemicals, including parabens. Parabens are commonly used as preservatives in cosmetic products, usually to prevent the growth of mold. Although parabens are also found in baked and processed goods, they are found at much greater levels in cosmetics. According to the American Cancer Society, studies have shown parabens have weak estrogen-like properties, and a study from 2004 found traces of parabens in breast cancer samples. There has not been any direct evidence that parabens can cause breast cancer.

Johnson & Johnson's Safety and Care commitment site disclosed using the chemical, but cited a 2015 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services National Toxicology Program that concluded that "within normal use levels" oxybenzone does not have an effect on human hormone levels. Hawaii recently passed legislation that banned companies from selling sunscreen on the island that included oxybenzone and octinoxate, however, health concerns were not the reason: the state was concerned about harmful effect on its marine environment and coral reefs to which the chemical has been linked." data-reactid="40">A study at the U.S National Library of Medicine found that Benzophenone, also known as Oxybenzone, a product that is commonly used in sunscreens as a UV absorber and in lip balm, can lead to the proliferation of human breast cancer cells in the laboratory. Johnson & Johnson's Safety and Care commitment site disclosed using the chemical, but cited a 2015 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services National Toxicology Program that concluded that "within normal use levels" oxybenzone does not have an effect on human hormone levels. Hawaii recently passed legislation that banned companies from selling sunscreen on the island that included oxybenzone and octinoxate, however, health concerns were not the reason: the state was concerned about harmful effect on its marine environment and coral reefs to which the chemical has been linked.

Kimberly Berger, research scientist at the Center for Environmental Research and Children's Health at UC Berkeley, said that the average teenage girl uses 14 personal-care products a day. "We have a responsibility to study these chemicals in these cosmetics to find out if any of them are harmful to us and to make that information available to the public." Berger said many labels don't list the actual chemical names of artificial fragrances, instead calling them "fragrance" or "parfum."

The WEN headlines led a team of Northwestern University researchers to review an FDA database of complaints made between 2004 and 2016. The FDA received, on average, 396 cosmetic-related complaints per year, but there were big increases in 2015 and 2016, mostly due to WEN. Hair-care products, skin-care products and tattoos were responsible for the majority of complaints. Personal cleanliness products, hair care and hair-coloring products were associated with serious health problems.

The Northwestern research team wrote in a 2017 JAMA Internal Medicine article, "Better cosmetic surveillance is needed given their ubiquity and lack of a premarket approval pathway. Unlike devices, pharmaceuticals, and dietary supplements, cosmetic manufacturers have no legal obligation to forward adverse events to the FDA."

Driven largely by the rising number of health-conscious consumers and the demand for clean label products, demand for products that are free from synthetic fragrances, preservatives, parabens, petrochemicals and harsh cleaners such as sodium lauryl sulfate has seen a huge uptick over the past few years. As a result, the global natural and organic beauty market has been exploding. According to a June report released by market research firm Grand View Research, the global organic personal care market is projected to reach $25.11 billion by 2025, up from $12.9 billion in 2017. Rising R&D expenditure to introduce improved plant and animal extracts into various products is expected to promote the demand for organic personal-care products over the forecast period, said the report. It also stated that regulations encouraging the use of organic materials in the personal-care industry are likely to propel market growth.

Congress has been considering cosmetics legislation, but efforts have slowed

Congress has been taking a look at new regulation of the cosmetics industry, though competing proposals have been floated. In May 2017, California Democratic Sen. Dianne Feinstein and Maine Republican Sen. Susan Collins introduced the bipartisan Personal Care Products Safety Act. In October, Utah Republican Sen. Orrin Hatch introduced the competing FDA Cosmetic Safety and Modernization Act. Both bills include mandatory reporting, registration of cosmetic facilities and ingredient review from the FDA. However, only the Feinstein-Collins bill would give the FDA the authority to order mandatory recalls and conduct annual investigations on the safety of five cosmetic contaminants: methylene glycol (a form of formaldehyde and a recognized carcinogen), propylparaben, lead acetate, diazolidinyl urea and quaternium-15. Lead acetate already has been banned by the European Union.

The Feinstein-Collins bill also proposes that the largest cosmetics manufacturers collectively provide the FDA with $20 million so the agency has the resources needed to keep consumers safe. The bill also requires ingredient reporting, which the Hatch bill does not. Both bills are currently stuck in the Senate's Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions. The Feinstein-Collins legislation has been endorsed not only by the Environmental Watch Group and the American Cancer Society but a number of large cosmetic and consumer products brands, including L'Oréal, Johnson & Johnson, Procter and Gamble and Unilever. Procter and Gamble and Unilever spokespeople confirmed their support for legislation, as well as their commitment to PCPC. Johnson & Johnson, Unilever, Procter & Gamble and L'Oréal are all PCPC member companies.

The PCPC is supporting Hatch's bill. "We look forward to continuing that work with Senator Hatch … [and] sponsors of similar legislation, including Senators Feinstein and Collins," Powers said.

Source : https://uk.finance.yahoo.com/news/cosmetics-avoided-strict-regulation-over-140000473.html

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The Cosmetics Industry Has Avoided Strict Regulation For Over A Century. Now Rising Health Concerns Has FDA Inquiring

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The Cosmetics Industry Has Avoided Strict Regulation For Over A Century. Now Rising Health Concerns Has FDA Inquiring

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The Cosmetics Industry Has Avoided Strict Regulation For Over A Century. Now Rising Health Concerns Has FDA Inquiring

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The Cosmetics Industry Has Avoided Strict Regulation For Over A Century. Now Rising Health Concerns Has FDA Inquiring

The Cosmetics Industry Has Avoided Strict Regulation For Over A Century. Now Rising Health Concerns Has FDA Inquiring

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The Cosmetics Industry Has Avoided Strict Regulation For Over A Century. Now Rising Health Concerns Has FDA Inquiring